Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany. Berlin is the second most populous city proper in the European Union and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and science. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination. Significant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Modern Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a high quality of living.